PCOD & Skin Diseases
PCOD (Polycystic Ovarian Disease) or PCOS (Polycystic Ovary syndrome) is a quiet common condition affecting 5-10% of women of reproductive age.
It is a problem in which a woman experiences hormonal imbalance. With PCOD, women produce higher-than-normal amounts of hormones that causes problems with menstrual periods and makes difficult for a woman to conceive. PCOD is a disorder that affects the ovaries and ovulation. It is characterized by cysts in the ovaries, irregular or skipped periods and high levels of male hormones.
PCOD seems like it’s only a disease of the ovaries, that’s not true. It is a full-body endocrine and metabolic disorder and it is closely linked to insulin resistance.
What is insulin resistance?
Under normal situation, the insulin hormone rises after eating. It arouses the liver and muscles to take up sugar from the blood and convert it to energy. It causes blood sugar to fall, and then insulin level also reduces.
Insulin resistance refers to a condition when cells in your muscles and liver can’t use glucose from your blood for energy. And, then pancreas have to produce more insulin which leads to high levels of blood sugar.
Insulin resistance can cause several health problems like high blood pressure, high cholesterol, obesity, and type 2 diabetes.
Relation between insulin resistance and PCOD/PCOS
Insulin resistance occurs in people having obese PCOS and lean PCOS. Having high insulin is not only symptom of PCOS, it also makes the condition worse. High insulin can damage ovulation and ovaries to make surplus testosterone. As per a research study, an increasing rate of PCOS is related with increase in obesity and also weight gain.
Other causes of PCOD
The cause of PCOD is not exactly known. Some of the factors that play a key role for occurrence of this condition include:
· Low-grade inflammation: It defines white blood cells’ production that help to fight infection. As per research estimates, women with PCOD have low-grade inflammation that arouses polycystic ovaries to produce androgen, which resulting to heart and blood vessel problems.
· Heredity: Certain genes might contribute to PCOS.
· Excess androgen: The ovaries produce the unusually high levels of androgen, leading to hirsutism (excessive hair growth) and acne.
Common Symptoms of PCOS
Some women start experiencing symptoms around their first period. Others notice they have PCOS after gaining a lot of weight or trouble getting pregnant.
Common symptoms of PCOD are:
· Irregular periods: Women with PCOS get fewer than nine periods a year.
· Heavy bleeding: The uterine lining builds that leads to heavier periods than normal.
· Hair growth: Over 70% of women grow hair on their face and other body parts including back, belly, and chest.
· Weight gain: Up to 80% women with PCOD are overweight.
· Darkening of the skin: Dark skin patches form in body creases like on the neck, groin, and under the breasts.
· Acne: Male hormones make the skin oilier and trigger breakouts on body areas like on the face, chest, and upper back.
· Headaches. Hormone changes can cause headache in some women.
When to seek a doctor
You must consult with your doctor, if you are experiencing infertility, concerns for your menstrual periods, excessive weight gain or have signs of excess androgen such as hirsutism and male-pattern baldness.
Nutritional supplements for insulin resistance and PCOS
Inositol is considered as a nutritional supplement, as it appears to regulate menstrual cycles, improve ovulation and make metabolic changes in PCOS.
Magnesium is another supplement used for insulin resistance. Magnesium deficiency contributing to insulin resistance and heart disease. Its deficiency affects about 1/3rd of individuals it cannot be easily diagnosed by a blood test. Magnesium supplement is effective for treatment of insulin resistance in people with magnesium deficiency.